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February 22, 2020

What Are Peptic Ulcers?

Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, esophagus, and small intestine as a result of erosion from stomach acids. Peptic ulcers are a fairly common health problem.

There are three types of peptic ulcers:

  • gastric ulcers – ulcers that develop inside the stomach
  • esophageal ulcers – ulcers that develop inside the esophagus
  • duodenal ulcers – ulcers that develop in the upper section of the small intestines, called the duodenum



Part 2 of 8: Causes

Causes of Peptic Ulcers

Different factors can cause the lining of the stomach, the esophagus, and the small intestine to break down. These include:

  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) – a bacteria that can cause a stomach infection and inflammation
  • frequent use of aspirin, ibuprofen, and other anti-inflammatory drugs (risk associated with this behavior is increased in women and people over the age of 60)
  • smoking
  • drinking too much alcohol
  • radiation therapy
  • stomach cancer

Part 3 of 8: Symptoms

Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers

The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is burning abdominal pain that extends from the navel to the chest, which can range from mild to severe. In some cases, the pain may wake you up at night. Small peptic ulcers may not produce any symptoms.

Other common signs of a peptic ulcer include:

  • changes in appetite
  • nausea
  • bloody or dark stools
  • unexplained weight loss
  • vomiting
  • chest pain

February 22, 2020

What is Breast Cancer Screening?

Screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread.

Scientists are trying to better understand which people are more likely to get certain types of cancer. They also study the things we do and the things around us to see if they cause cancer. This information helps doctors recommend who should be screened for cancer, which screening tests should be used, and how often the tests should be done.

It is important to remember that your doctor does not necessarily think you have cancer if he or she suggests a screening test. Screening tests are given when you have no cancer symptoms.

If a screening test result is abnormal, you may need to have more tests done to find out if you have cancer. These are called diagnostic tests.


February 22, 2020

What is the meaning of numerical values?
Blood pressure is indicated by two numerical values, separated by a diagonal line, such as 80/120. You may also hear someone tell you that their blood pressure is 120 by 80, so what do these numbers mean?

The first numerical value indicates the volume of systolic blood pressure, which is the blood pressure that forms at the peak, when your heart pushes blood into the blood vessels. The second numerical value is an indication of the size of the diastolic blood pressure. It is blood pressure when your heart is filled with blood again, during the interval between two pulses.

Normal blood pressure values ​​are 80/120 or less, and high blood pressure is indicated if you have these values ​​at 90/140 or more. But if the numerical values ​​are in the field between 80/120 to 90/140, then the condition diagnosed here is “pre-high blood pressure”, which means that if you do not take the necessary steps to prevent, then your blood pressure is possible It turns into high blood pressure.

When should blood pressure be measured?
It is recommended to start measuring blood pressure after the age of 18, once every two years. At a greater rate, if you have suffered from high blood pressure levels in the past.

What are the problems caused by high blood pressure?
Pre-hypertensive and high blood pressure conditions can cause damage to the blood vessels. As a result, the risk and risk of stroke, kidney failure, heart disease and heart attack increases.

Required lifestyle changes to avoid blood pressure:

Do not smoke cigarettes or any other product that contains tobacco.
Reduce your weight if you are obese.
Exercise regularly.
Maintain a healthy and balanced diet, including a variety of vegetables, fruits, and low-fat food.
Reduce salt, alcohol and caffeine intake.
How does tobacco affect blood pressure?
The nicotine in cigarettes, as well as in other products that contain tobacco, causes blood vessels to contract and increase the speed of your heartbeat, which temporarily raises your blood pressure. If you decide to quit smoking, or stop consuming other tobacco products, with this step you can reduce your risk significantly of heart disease and heart attacks, as well as lower blood pressure values.

What about reducing weight and exercising?
If you are overweight, weight reduction usually helps lower blood pressure values. Regular exercise is an excellent way to lose weight. Moreover, physical activity has been shown to contribute significantly and directly to lowering blood pressure values.

Sodium, is it in the safe domain?
Not all people can feel the effect of sodium, but it can contribute a lot to increasing blood pressure in most people. Because of this, the recommendation in the United States is that “people with normal and normal blood pressure should not exceed 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day.” The recommendation also applies to people of African descent and the elderly – who suffer from high blood pressure – to reduce sodium intake to 1500 mg per day. Also, your doctor may ask you to reduce your sodium intake further.

Do not add salt to the food you eat. Check the list of compounds on food products to know the sodium content they contain. While there are many foods that are clearly and well known, that they contain ample amounts of sodium – such as the various pastimes – we may not be aware of the amounts of sodium found in other products, such as bread, and in various types of canned vegetables, soups and cheeses. Here, it should be noted that some drugs also contain sodium.

Alcohol and blood pressure?
In some people, alcohol causes high blood pressure. But it may be different for others. If you are used to drinking alcoholic beverages, you should reduce the amount for two cups of alcoholic drinks per day for males, and a maximum of one cup of alcoholic drinks per woman per day.

The term “one cup” is defined as representing one can of beer, one cup of wine (150 ml), or a small cup of wine. If your blood pressure tends to rise when you drink alcoholic beverages, it is recommended that you absolutely refrain from drinking alcohol.

Does stress and psychological stress affect blood pressure?
There is an effect of stress and stress on your blood pressure values. In order to assist you in treating the side effects caused by stress and psychological stress, we tell you that it is desirable that you try to use relaxation methods or vital reaction. In order to get the maximum benefit from relaxation exercises, it is recommended to do them once a day, at least.


February 22, 2020

Comprehensive exams help diagnose the patient’s condition and early detection of diseases as soon as they occur, prevent complications of the disease and help discover physical obstacles and facilitate their treatment, which raises the health level of the individual and society. Arteriosclerosis, diabetes, breast tumors, lungs, colon, and viral liver infections can be avoided by conducting a comprehensive medical examination periodically, so the best way to protect them is from a pound of treatment because early detection helps, God willing, to quickly treat it. The technological development of medical devices plays a very important role in discovering the disease early and starting the appropriate treatment quickly, as technological development benefits by conducting laboratory tests using modern devices that show their results quickly in addition to radiological examinations, which depend on the use of sophisticated and very accurate x-ray devices. Accurate and fast, which supports and facilitates a comprehensive body examination. Comprehensive examination programs Comprehensive examination includes laboratory analytical and radiological examinations, clinical examination, such as cholesterol and fat examination, eye pressure examination, dental examination, hepatitis and AIDS examination, urine examination, fecal and blood examination, chest radiation, and also tests that show the pellet rate Red blood, kidney examination, blood sugar test, vision examination and diagnosis of vision problems, and measurement of both hearing and breathing, so these tests facilitate the diagnosis of a person’s health and then the appropriate medical procedure is determined.

Preparations for a comprehensive medical examination
Willingness ensures that you perform the exams in a shorter period and get the best results, including: Setting an appointment in advance of going for a comprehensive examination. Show the results of the examinations he performed during the last six months of the specialist. Refrain from eating and drinking 8-12 hours before the date that he will perform the comprehensive medical examination and refrain from smoking. Refrain from taking vitamins and nutritional supplements 48 hours before the date that the comprehensive medical examination will be conducted, except as prescribed by the doctor. Refrain from eating foods that cause gases such as: fresh, uncooked vegetables, legumes, fruits, foods that use milk, soft drinks, and also not consuming alcohol. Inform the doctor about the medications he takes and determine the doses if he is taking certain medications. Eating healthy food, exercising continuously, avoiding smoking and unhealthy habits that are harmful to health, all of which help to prevent illnesses and enjoy physical strength.


February 22, 2020

The liver is one of the most important organs in the human body, as it is not only responsible for the process of cleaning the body from toxins and purifying the blood, but it is involved in the work of hormones and regularity of metabolism, energy storage, and many vital tasks, let us know you below on some of the health symptoms that may be Evidence that your liver has a health problem:

Abdominal pain and swelling on the right side

The liver occupies a large area of ​​the abdominal cavity and in the event of pain or swelling in the upper area on the right side of the abdominal cavity, this may be an indication of a problem with the liver. Here, this offer should not be neglected if it continues and immediately go to see a doctor.

Spots and marks on the skin

In the event that the liver is not functioning properly, it will not clean the blood as it should, and this may lead to blood clots near the skin and skin that usually appear as spots, skin defects, problems and marks similar to the star or spider shape, and they may form what It is called the “Spider angiomas”. The most common sites for these signs are the trunk or chest area.

Joint pain and fatigue

Joint infections, pain, nausea, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite are all symptoms associated with the risk of developing liver problems, especially Autoimmune hepatitis, a condition in which your immune system mistakenly attacks liver cells and tissues. According to the National Institutes of Health, this problem affects women more than men.

Yellowing of the skin and eyes

In the processes in which the old cells in the body are metabolized and destroyed, a yellow substance known as Bilirubin is produced, and if the liver is healthy, this substance is eliminated. But in the event that the liver suffers from a health problem, it will not be able to get rid of it efficiently, and therefore it may accumulate in the body and blood, so that symptoms of yellowing appear on the skin and eyes. .


February 22, 2020

The Ministry of Health operated 77 hospitals and medical towers with a capacity of 11,161 beds in the past five years, according to sources at the ministry.
A total of 295 hospitals with a total capacity of 38,970 beds are now operational.

Providing a report card of the last five years, the sources said more than 12 million people visited hospital outpatient clinics and 22 million to emergency rooms, while ministry hospitals performed about 475,000 surgeries and 270,000 deliveries.

The ministry is now preparing and operating 88 specialist centers with a 700-bed capacity throughout the country. Thirty-four centers for the treatment of heart, liver, diabetes and other medical conditions were established and operated over the past five years, said sources.

The ministry confirmed its commitment to expanding access to medical facilities and services throughout the Kingdom in order to reduce travel distances for patients.
Sources revealed plans are underway to establish five new medical cities with a capacity of up to 6,200 beds, which will include hospitals and specialist medical centers to deal with a variety of medical illnesses, including rare conditions.

Expansion work is also planned for King Fahd Medical City in Riyadh, King Abdullah Medical City in Makkah, King Faisal Medical City, Prince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz Medical City and King Khalid Medical City to cover all geographical regions.

As for primacy care centers, 848 centers were built and operated over the past five years, bringing the total number of primary care centers in the year 1435 AH to 2,259.

Sources also confirmed that the ministry is working on the development of various programs and services including home medical services and visiting physician programs to cover rare specialties, electronic medical-referral services and dialysis care via private sector service providers.


February 18, 2020

Tobacco smoking is a great health problem. Tobacco smoking is a direct cause of high morbidity and mortality all over the world, which could be prevented. Five million people die from smoking-realated diseases every year in the world, particulary in developing countries.

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